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Albacore Tuna, Japan

High
Risk
Other species names
Albacore, Thunnus alalunga
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Parts of the North Pacific Ocean, Philippine Sea, Eastern China Sea, Japan Sea, and Sea of Okhotsk
Governance of water bodies
Japan's Exclusive Economic Zone

Summary

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Albacore caught by Japanese-registered vessels in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone is rated a HIGH RISK. Evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor in the country’s fishing industry was not found. Japan has not ratified ILO Convention 105 on Forced Labour, but the country has enacted and brought into force equivalent national legislation to prohibit forced labor. Japan does not meet the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria because multiple sources point to the fact that legislation concerning forced labor is not enforced effectively. Due to the lack of evidence in fisheries and Japan’s failure to meet the Risk Tool’s country criteria, evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in the country’s seafood processing, forestry, agriculture, and aquaculture industries was examined as an indicator of risk for the at sea portion of the Japan albacore fishery. According to the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report, “Cases of forced labor occur within the [Technical Intern Training Program, or “TITP”] a government-run program originally designed to foster basic technical skills among foreign workers that has effectively become a guest worker program.” Explicit evidence of foreign nationals in the TITP experiencing forced labor on fishing vessels was not located, but evidence citing Japan’s Immigration Bureau notes that 67 TITP workers in the fishing and agricultural industries were “defrauded” in 2016. In addition, credible evidence exists that foreign nationals in the TITP program have experienced forced labor in agriculture. It is noted that the government enacted legislation to reform the TITP program in 2015. It is also noted that the Labor Union of Migrant Workers and other organizations contend that despite the changes, abuses persist.

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Queen Scallops, United Kingdom (except RFS-certified vessels)

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Queen scallops, Aequipecten opercularis
Gear type(s)
Towed dredges
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Northeast Atlantic
Governance of water bodies
UK Exclusive Economic Zone

Summary

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The UK scallop fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK (except Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme-certified vessels, which are rated LOW risk). The critical risk rating for the UK scallop fishery is based on multiple sources documenting forced labor occurring on board UK scallop vessels. There is also evidence to suggest that forced labor and human trafficking occurs in other UK fisheries. When a critical risk has been established, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. Therefore, enactment of the Modern Slavery Act 2015, the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015, and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 are not taken into consideration. It is noted that the Modern Slavery Act is widely viewed as landmark legislation that has raised the bar globally. In addition, these Acts have specific maritime provisions that enable enforcement at sea, including giving authorities the ability to board ships if slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labor are suspected. It is also noted that as of February 2, 2018, the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation’s website states that the “majority of scallop vessels now belong to the Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme.” According to an economic analysis by Seafish, there were 189 UK scallop revenue-dependent vessels in 2015. As of February 2, 2018, the RFS data show that five scallop vessels are certified and six have applied for certification.

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Great Atlantic Scallops, United Kingdom (except RSF-certified vessels)

Critical
Risk
Other species names
King scallop, Pecten maximus
Gear type(s)
Towed dredges
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Northeast Atlantic
Governance of water bodies
UK Exclusive Economic Zone

Summary

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The UK scallop fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK (except Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme-certified vessels, which are rated LOW risk). The critical risk rating for the UK scallop fishery is based on multiple sources documenting forced labor occurring on board UK scallop vessels. There is also evidence to suggest that forced labor and human trafficking occurs in other UK fisheries. When a critical risk has been established, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. Therefore, enactment of the Modern Slavery Act 2015, the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015, and the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 are not taken into consideration. It is noted that the Modern Slavery Act is widely viewed as landmark legislation that has raised the bar globally. In addition, these Acts have specific maritime provisions that enable enforcement at sea, including giving authorities the ability to board ships if slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labor are suspected. It is also noted that as of February 2, 2018, the Scottish Fishermen’s Federation’s website states that the “majority of scallop vessels now belong to the Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme.” According to an economic analysis by Seafish, there were 189 UK scallop revenue-dependent vessels in 2015. As of February 2, 2018, the RFS data show that five scallop vessels are certified and six have applied for certification.

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Fishmeal, Multiple Species, Thailand

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Biomass, “trash fish,” feed fish
Gear type(s)
Single and twin trawl, purse seine
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Multiple Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)/territorial waters, including Thai, Indonesia, Mauritius, Papua New Guinea (PNG) EEZs; High Seas
Governance of water bodies
RFMOs include: Asia Pacific Fisheries Commission (APFIC), Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement (SIOFA)

Summary

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The Thai fishmeal fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK based on multiple sources documenting a direct link between the use of forced labor on board Thai flagged vessels off-loading “trash fish” in Thai ports that is then used in the production of fishmeal (for feed) at Thai fishmeal facilities. There is also substantial evidence that forced labor and human trafficking are pervasive on a systemic scale in the Thai fishing industry. Forced labor and human trafficking are associated, in particular, with long-distance, deep-sea vessels, often using transshipment. Some of these vessels have been documented to fish for “trash fish” (mixed species) for fishmeal production in Thailand. Other evidence relates to higher value species or “fishing” in general. While Thailand is making significant progress to address gaps in legislation, enforcement of regulations still presents a challenge as evidenced in Thailand’s “Tier 2 watch-list” placement in the 2017 US Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report and the European Union’s (EU) renewal of a yellow card for inaction on illegal fishing. Thailand was first cited with the EU yellow card in 2015.

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Patagonia Toothfish, Argentina

High
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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Argentina’s Patagonia toothfish fishery is rated HIGH RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor in the fishery or in related fisheries . In addition, there is no evidence relating to the fishing industry in the country. However, Argentina does not meet the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria. The country is not party to the Port States Measures Agreement, and there are multiple sources pointing to substantial deficits in the enforcement of legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor. This includes evidence that government officials are complicit in human trafficking crimes, indicating a systemic barrier to the enforcement of the legislation and hence a greater risk of abuse in the country. Due to the lack of evidence in fisheries and Argentina’s failure to meet the Risk Tool’s country criteria, evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in the country’s seafood processing, forestry, agriculture, and aquaculture industries was examined as an indicator of risk for the at sea portion of the Patagonian toothfish fishery. In this regard, there is substantial evidence of child labor in the country’s agricultural sector.

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Patagonia Toothfish, Australia

Low
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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Australia’s Patagonia toothfish fishery is rated LOW RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor in the fishery or in related fisheries and the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria have been met. However, it is noted that a source from the Government’s Institute of Criminology indicates that human trafficking and forced labor in Australian fishing is poorly documented in general. Australia has not ratified ILO Convention Number 138 on minimum age for admission to employment, but the country has enacted and brought into force equivalent national legislation to prohibit non-hazardous work on board vessels before 16 and hazardous work before 18. The Australian legislation is consistent with ILO Convention 188 on Work in Fishing provisions on minimum age and thus satisfies the intent and contents of ILO Convention 138. Australia also has legislation to prohibit and criminalize forced labor and human trafficking, and it is generally enforced though there are significant challenges around victim identification and protection according to the U.S. Department of State.

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Albacore Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus alalunga
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Atlantic; Eastern Indian Ocean; Eastern Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Western Atlantic; Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Atlantic Bluefin Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus thynnus
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Atlantic; Western and Central Atlantic; Western Atlantic; Western Mediterranean (Tyrrhenian and Liguria Seas & Strait of Sicily)
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Bigeye Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus obesus
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Atlantic; Eastern Indian Ocean; Eastern Pacific; Northeast Pacific; Western and Central Indian Ocean; Western Atlantic; Western and Central Atlantic; Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Pacific Bluefin Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus orientalis
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Southern Bluefin Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus maccoyii
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Indian Ocean; Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Skipjack Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Katsuwonus pelamis
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Western Atlantic; Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Yellowfin Tuna, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Thunnus albacares
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Atlantic; Eastern Indian Ocean; Eastern Pacific; Western and Central Indian Ocean; Western Atlantic; Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Swordfish, Taiwan

Critical
Risk
Other species names
Xiphias gladius
Gear type(s)
Hooks and lines (Longlines)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Eastern Atlantic; Eastern Indian Ocean; Northeast Pacific; Western Atlantic; Western Mediterranean (Tyrrhenian and Liguria Seas & Strait of Sicily); Western, Central and South Pacific
Governance of water bodies
Multiple Regional Fishery Management Organizations. For more information, see Risk Rating Details.

Summary

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The Taiwan tuna and swordfish fishery is rated CRITICAL RISK due to multiple sources documenting forced labor and human trafficking on Taiwanese longline vessels. When a critical risk has been determined, adherence to Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria and other mitigating factors are not factored in the fishery rating. It is noted that Taiwan is rated a Tier 1 country in the U.S. Department of State’s 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report; the country has legislation to prohibit forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor in place; and the government has recently enacted legislation to protect foreign fishermen. However, a deeper dive into the TIP Report’s analysis and other evidence point towards systemic non-enforcement of relevant national legislation with regard to the fishing industry.

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Patagonia Toothfish, Chile

Low
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, Bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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Chile’s Patagonian toothfish fishery is rated LOW RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor and human trafficking in the fishery or in other fisheries. One source from the US Department of Labor reports child labor in Chile’s fishing industry, but the report does not indicate whether or not children work on board vessels, their tasks, ages, etc. Since the level of detail does not allow certainty as to whether hazardous child labor is found on board fishing vessels, the report is not used in this risk rating. Chile has up-to-date and comprehensive legislation to prohibit child labor, criminalize modern slavery, and protect workers. While there are indications that the identification of victims of human trafficking and the provision of services to victims need strengthening, there is no indication that enforcement of legislation suffers major, systemic gaps. One source explicitly indicates that there are relatively strong enforcement mechanisms and practices in Chile, while another indicates that more labor inspectors and additional training are still required. Overall, the available evidence does not indicate that forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor is a substantial risk in the Chilean portion of the Patagonian toothfish fishery.

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Patagonia Toothfish, France

Low
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) Governance of water bodies
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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France’s Patagonia toothfish fishery is rated LOW RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor in the fishery, in related fisheries, or the fishing industry overall. France meets the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria, though improvement is needed with respect to victim identification and protection of unaccompanied minors. However, sources also indicate that progress is being made on these issues. In addition, there is no information to suggest systemic enforcement failures, such as complicity by government officials or widespread corruption with respect to forced labor, human trafficking.

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Patagonia Toothfish, South Korea

High
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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South Korea’s Patagonia toothfish fishery is rated HIGH RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor, human trafficking, or hazardous child labor in the fishery. However, there is considerable evidence of forced labor and human trafficking in South Korean fisheries. Even though a substantial amount of evidence concerns the Oyang vessels, which appear to operate in unrelated fisheries, evidence of forced labor in South Korean fisheries points to a more widespread and general problem extending beyond the Oyang fleet. South Korea meets the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria. The government has not ratified the ILO conventions on forced labor, but it has enacted and brought into force equivalent legislation relating to forced labor, human trafficking, and hazardous child labor. In addition, there is credible evidence of enforcement of national legislation and international commitments on these issues. However, there are substantial shortcomings around victim protection and very low penalties for human trafficking offences. The government has notified the United Nations that it intends to ratify the ILO conventions on forced labor. Related or similar renewable resource industries (i.e., agriculture, aquaculture, forestry and seafood processing) are examined if there is evidence in fisheries and the country criteria have been met in order to evaluate if the risk for the fishery is high or moderate. In this regard, there is evidence of forced labor in agriculture, resulting in a high risk rating.

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Patagonia Toothfish, United Kingdom

Low
Risk
Other species names
Chilean seabass, Dissostichus eleginoides
Gear type(s)
Set longlines, bottom trawls (Area 48 only)
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic waters that are under the sovereignty of Australia, France, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. Also, Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) Governance of water bodies
Governance of water bodies
Chile’s and Argentina’s Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs), Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) Area

Summary

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The UK’s Patagonian toothfish fishery is rated LOW RISK. There is no evidence of forced labor and human trafficking in the fishery. However, there is extensive documentation of human trafficking and forced labor in the UK’s fishing industry, but it appears to be in unrelated fisheries. Moreover, the country meets the Seafood Slavery Risk Tool’s country criteria, including adoption and enforcement of robust anti-slavery legislation.

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Great Atlantic Scallops, United Kingdom (RFS-certified vessels only)

Low
Risk
Other species names
King scallop, Pecten maximus
Gear type(s)
Towed dredges
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Northeast Atlantic
Governance of water bodies
UK Exclusive Economic Zone

Summary

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The UK scallop fishery is rated critical risk, but scallop vessels that are certified with the Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme (RFS) are rated LOW risk. The RFS “is a voluntary vessel based programme certifying high standards of crew welfare and responsible catching practices on fishing vessels.” As of February 2, 2018, five scallop vessels are certified and six have applied for certification. Consult the RFS database for the most current information on RFS-certified scallop vessels.

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Queen Scallops, United Kingdom (RFS-certified vessels only)

Low
Risk
Other species names
Queen scallops, Aequipecten opercularis
Gear type(s)
Towed dredges
Ocean(s), water body(ies)
Northeast Atlantic
Governance of water bodies
UK Exclusive Economic Zone

Summary

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The UK scallop fishery is rated critical risk, but scallop vessels that are certified with the Seafish Responsible Fishing Scheme (RFS) are rated LOW risk. The RFS “is a voluntary vessel based programme certifying high standards of crew welfare and responsible catching practices on fishing vessels.” As of February 2, 2018, five scallop vessels are certified and six have applied for certification. Consult the RFS database for the most current information on RFS-certified scallop vessels.

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